|Title||Suomalaiset sateenkaariperheet sosiaali- ja terveyssateenkaariperheet palveluissa ja koulussa|
|Authors||Kuosmanen, Paula ; Jämsä, Juha|
The book reports the results taken from the Rainbow Family survey, which was aimed at “Rainbow Families”, i.e. lesbian, homosexual, bisexual, trans-gender and non-heterosexual parents. The survey was conducted during the period 13th of September – 19th of October 2006 over the Internet and as a Rainbow Families Association member survey. All respondents (N=178) were encouraged to answer over the Internet either to the general survey (N = 167) or the Trans survey (N = 11). Out of the respondents who answered to the general survey 90% were women and 10% (16) were men. A majority of the parents were living in female-female nuclear families, which comprised 49% of the survey respondents. Also parents living in female-female step families (13 %), in rainbow families of three or four parents (9%), in families with trans-gender parents (8%), in multiform families (8%), in families with an independent mother and father (6%), in families with remote parents (3%) and in male-male nuclear families (2%) were taking the survey. Two fathers, one from a male-male step family and the other from a foster parent family, also took the survey.
Of the Finnish rainbow families’ parents surveyed, 68% had visited a fertility clinic, 81% had visited municipal maternity clinics during pregnancy, and 18% had paid visit to family counselling provided by various agencies. Respondents reported a fear of discrimination in family counselling and rainbow families living in smaller places of residence were less likely to pay a visit to a family counsellor. Health care services were found to have discriminatory practices: At some fertility clinics, all independent women and female-female couples were subjected to evaluative psychological interviews and brochures and forms in maternity clinics were outdated and addressed only to heterosexual nuclear families. The forms instructed health care nurses to ask rainbow families, particularly one of the largest client segments—female-female nuclear families, inappropriate questions and the personal information of social mothers could not be properly put into the client register. Of the rainbow family parents surveyed, 40% were left with the impression that the nurses in maternity clinics were not familiar with the special needs of rainbow families.
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Suomalaiset sateenkaariperheet sosiaali- ja terveyssateenkaariperheet palveluissa ja koulussa